Sunday, January 1, 2012

Dymaxion car chronology Dymaxion car chronology < back up to dymaxion car notes 1927 late in 1927, Bucky turns his attention to the transport phase of his comprehensive plan he invents, at least on paper, his "4D twin, angularly-orientable, individually throtleable, jet-stilt, controlled-plummeting transport" 1933 given as main date for the car January 1933, a friend gives "a few thousand dollars" for Bucky to test some of his Dymaxion ideas due to the Depression at the time, this money has very large buying power Bucky knows the Dymaxion house was not yet affordable to develop, and that jets weren't yet feasible, so he decides to focus on a ground vehicle March 1933, rents a disused factory in Bridgeport, Conn. screens 1,000 job applicants, hires crew of 27 to work under the engineering direction of Starling Burgess July 12, 1933, demonstrated to the public front-wheel drive, rear engine and rear-wheel steering aluminum body, chrome-molybdenum aircraft steel chassis 1/8th inch shatterproof glass 19.5 feet long about a half-ton a great deal of suspension: The first frame, hinge-supported by the front wheels, carried the engine and drive shaft. Frame No. 2 was hinge-and-spring connected to Frame No. 1, but was supported by the steerable tail wheel. The body, in turn, had its own independent frame which was sprung directly from the front axle, with a balancing spring connected back, abreast the engine, to Frame No. 1. The consequence [...] was that the car could zoom across open fields with the agility of a light plane, yet provide a ride as smooth as any cruise on a highway. Car #1car 1 color: white, with dark belly sold to Captain "Al" (Alford F.) Williams, then holder of the world's speed record for seaplanes Col. William Francis Forbes-Sempill, an English aviation expert, commissioned to come to the US and test the performance of car No. 1 car is involved in fatal accident (what date?) both Williams and Fuller, after carefully inspecting the car's functioning parts and reconstructing the sequence of events, were convinced that the Dymaxion car itself had no design or structural fault which had a bearing on the accident car is repaired Williams sells it to the director of the automotive division of the U.S. Bureau of Standards another source [3] says it was sold to Gulf Oil was very lightwight, weighing about as much as a VW beetle [3] October 18, 1933: US Patent application is submitted 1934 Car #2car 2 second car built on order from a group of English automobile enthusiasts completed in January 1934 flat window panels on the front, instead of the rounded glass on Car #1 improved, lighter frame structure color: entirely dark, and shiny they no longer wanted it due to the bad publicity of Car #1's crash some time later, Fuller sells it to a group of his Bridgeport mechanics years later, it ended up USED AS A CHICKEN COOP [3] also fairly light, but a little heavier than the first one [3] Car #3car 3 Fuller spends his "entire family inheritance" to built car #3 color: emerald green, with white top and a blue Formica interior. [3] according to J. Baldwin, it was really heavy, "built like a tank" completed in 1934, makes it to the Chicago World's Fair sold to Leopold Stokowski and his wife, who sold it a few months later during the next nine years the car is resold many times, and for a long span disappears from sight Peter Viemeister relates a story of going for a ride in the car in 1934, when he was not yet 6 years old. 1937 December 7 1937: US Patent Office grants the car patent #2,101,057 1943 Car #1 is destroyed in a fire in the U.S. Bureau of Standards' Washington garage at the request of Henry Kaiser, Bucky redesigns the car, making use of newer automotive technology the new design which was never built: Powered by three separate air-cooled "outboard" type (opposed cylinder) engines, each coupled to its own wheel by a variable fluid drive. Each of the engine-drivewheel assemblies was detachable. The engines themselves were run always at the same speed; the speed of the car was controlled by varying the quantity of fluid in the coupling. Low-horsepower engines - 15 to 25 hp, cut down to one engine at cruising speed, for 40-50 mpg Steered at cruising speeds by the front wheels, rear-wheel steering was used only as an auxiliary for tight turns, or to move sideways Tail mounted on extensible boom summarized by J. Baldwin: "Ten years later, Bucky put what he'd learned to work in a much handier five-seater with a tiny engine at each wheel. This time, the front wheels steered, but all three could be steered for tight city turns and crabbing sideways into parking spaces. High speed stability was enhanced by extending the rear wheel on a boom to lengthen the wheelbase." 1944 Car#3 is discovered in Brooklyn, and repurchased for Fuller by his friend, J. Arch Butts, Jr. of Wichita, Kansas 1945 Car#3 shown at Wichita airport estimated to have been driven 300,000 miles Fuller restores it to prime condition 1950s Car#3 disappears. J. Baldwin says he finally tracked down a junkyard owner in Wichita who says he cut it up for scrap during the Korean war. [3] 1960s Reportedly, the magazine "Car and Driver" did some articles on the Dymaxion car in the late 60s. Reportedly: "I remember the car being on display in the basement of the Museum of Science and Industry in Chicago in the mid 60's. I was frustrated because the windows had been painted and I couldn't see inside." 1970 December 1970 article in Special-Interest Autos, describes the Dymaxion. It appears online in 2007 on the Hemmings Auto Blog, SIA Flashback – Teardroppers powered by Ford 1970s Reportedly, a wealthy patron from Beatrice, NE puts up the money to build three Dymaxion cars. This results in 3 chasses and 2 fiberglass bodies, but no finished vehicle. Some people recall seeing a Dymaxion (presumably Car #2) listed for sale in Hemming Motor News in the mid-to-late 70s, with "the owner not asking a lot of money for it (under ten grand) ... the ad was in the front of the magazine in the special auto section" Ted Staub reports "My Dad owned one of the Dymaxion cars ... 1978-1980 time frame.. in Kettering, OH" 1981 Bucky and his car pose with his 26' Fly's Eye dome during his 85th birthday party at the Windstar Foundation in Snowmass, Colorado 1995 July 1995, GENI sponsors and organizes the Buckminster Fuller Symposium and Centennial Celebration for 600 participants. Activities included a multi-media Opening Ceremony, several World Games, Symposia by 15 colleagues and students of Bucky, a Film Festival, display of the only remaining Dymaxion Car, and a Bucky for Kids Festival." 1998 Artist Steven Brower populates a diorama with a whole bunch of Dymaxion vehicles and fly's eye domes, in his work U-Town 2009 Crosthwaite and Gardiner, one of England’s most renowned restoration houses, is entrusted with the restoration of Cat #2, and the re-creation of Car #3, as reported on the Hemmings Auto Blog, Dymaxion No. 2 restoration underway; your help needed Some resources used for this chronology: [1] Dymaxion Transport page by J. Baldwin [2] The Dymaxion World of Buckminster Fuller, Robert W. Marks (1960, 1973) [3] correspondence between Wallace Johnston and Ann Willmott Andersson at WNET, which has some known inaccuracies in it

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